ABOUT AKUAPEM NORTH MUNICIPAL ASSEMBLY
The Akuapem North Municipal Assembly (ANMA) was first established as a District Assembly by Legislative Instrument 1430 in 1988 under the decentralization system to take control of the day-to-day running of the Municipality. In 2012, it was elevated to the status of a Municipality by LI 2041. The Assembly performs executive, deliberative, and legislative functions in the interest the development of the Municipality.
The Municipality is located in the South-eastern part of the Eastern Region about 58 km. from Accra on the Akuapem – Togo Range. It shares boundaries with other Municipalities and Districts as indicated below:
To the North- East – Dangbe West District Assembly
To the South –East – Akuapem South District Assembly
To the West – Suhum Municipal Assembly
To the North – New Juabeng Municipal Assembly
The Municipality has a landmass area of about 480 sq. km. The Municipality covers a total land area of 450 square kilometers representing about two point three percent (2.3%) of the entire land mass of the Eastern Region. It has about 280 settlements with Akropong as its Municipal capital. The location of the Municipality is very strategic because its proximity to both the national capital and the regional capital, thus, Accra and Koforidua. This closeness allows socio-economic interaction between the Municipal and the two capitals in terms trade, movement of, and access to goods, services and people. This interaction promotes the development of the Municipals’ economy.
The population of the Municipality according to the 2010 Population and Housing Census report was 136,483 – i.e. males constituting 46.9% and Females 83.1% with a growth rate of 2.1% .
TOPOGRAPHY AND DRAINAGE
The topography of the Municipality is largely characterized by one main hill range called the Akuapem Range with heights ranging between 381 metres and 488 metres and its highest peak reaching 500metres and situated at Amanokrom closer to a natural water tank. Its lowest point is approximately, 152 metres. The rivers Brump, Ponpon and Aponapong and their tributaries form the main drainage channels for the Larteh-Mampong geographical area while the Aboabo, Nsaki and Yensi streams drains the North-west segment of the Municipal’s natural landscape.
The nature of the topography somehow negatively affects farming in the sense that sophisticated machines such as farm tractors for ploughing and tilling could not be used on majority of the farm lands except the use of simple farm inputs such as hoes and cutlasses which as a result leads to subsistent farming. Again, the topography makes construction of physical infrastructure very tedious and expensive in terms of cost.
GEOLOGY AND SOIL
There are two (2) main types of rocks of pre-Cambrian age found in the Municipality. These are the Togo sandy shales series and the Birimian series. The Birimain series are found in Adawso area comprising of benisses and schist with granite and pegmatites, which are metamorphic rocks. The Togo series on the other hand are found in the north-east to the south-west from the Senya-Beraku part of the Akuapem Range, west of Accra.
Rock stones, phythomites and sandy shales are found in the Kwamoso area, Manye-Adamso road near mile 36. The area stretching from the north-west slope of the Akuapem Range to the Nyensi and the Nsaki Valleys are covered by the sand series whiles phylites are found in stream valleys notably the Bump Valleys near Larteh. Quarzites also cover greater part of the Akuapem Range, Mampong, Tutu, Amanokrom and Larteh among others.
The nature of the soil supports farming activities and the presence of these rocks also allows for stone quarry activities which are economic activities and major source of income to the people in the Municipality.
The Municipality experiences tropical rainfall. Thus, it has bi-modal rainfall pattern and wet semi-equatorial climate. The mean annual rainfall is 1270milimetres which is ideal for major and minor seasons farming. The rainy season is usually from April to July (major rainy season) and from September to November (minor rainy season).
Temperatures range between 20°C in August and 32°C in March averaging approximately 23.88°C. Although there is a minor dry season in August, the main dry season does occur from December to February each year.
Relative humidity is fairly moderate but quite high during rainy seasons and early mornings. The fair distribution of temperature and rainfall patterns enhances the cultivation of many food and cash crops throughout the Municipality.
The Municipality lies within the semi-deciduous forest zone. Most of the trees shed their leaves during the dry season. The Municipality has broken forest on most hill tops, secondary forest on slopes and valleys, shrubs and bushes along the motor roads and main footpaths, thickets on the slopes facing the Accra Plain and forest reserves.
There are two major forest reserves, forest patches and sacred groves scattered all over the Municipality. Notable ones can be found in towns such as Mampong, Gyafiase, Larteh Junction, Bankana near Tutu, Akropong, Obosomase, and Saforo. However, bad farming practices and other activities such as real estate development and illegal chain saw operations have resulted in the natural vegetation cover being degraded.
TRADITIONAL SET UP
The entire Akuapem State has one paramount chief notably referred to as the Okuapemhene with the seat of the paramount established and managed at Akropong the Municipal capital. In terms of traditional administration governance, the Akuapem state has five (5) important and well established divisions namely the Kronti division (Akropong), Adonten division (Aburi), Gyase division (Amanokrom), Nifa division (Adukrom) and Benkum division (Larteh).
These divisions have operated effectively and harmoniously until 1994 when unfortunately as a result of a meeting held at Larteh which gave rise to the Larteh Accord, three of the divisions, namely Nifa, Benkum and Adonten decided to renounce their allegiance to the Ofori Kuma Stool and have petitioned the National House of Chiefs for autonomous paramouncies. This brought major challenges in term of development but through countless efforts the Akuapem State had been unified again in the last quarter of the year 2013.